Toenail Fungus – Onychomycosis or tinea unguium

What is toenail fungus?

People can develop an infection of their toenails by from different types of fungus, mold, or yeast ( dermatophytes – trichophyton, candida) . The fungus can infect multiple parts of the nail unit including the nail bed and/or plate

What are the types of toenail fungus?

There are 4 main types of toenail fungus: distal subungual, proximal subungual, white superficial, total dystrophic. 

How to diagnose toenail fungus ?

Clinically your doctor can look at your toenails and can diagnose toenail fungus, but a nail biopsy is needed for 100% confirmation. Often fungal toenails will look discolored, lifted, thickened, have debris underneath the nail, and/or have chalk white spots. 

How to treat toenail fungus?

There is no treatment that can guarantee 100% cure of toenail fungus and 100% prevention of recurrence. Treatment of toenail fungus ranges from nail debridement, topical (30-50% cure rate) , oral (70-80%), and laser (75%). 

Video of laser treatment for nails:

If you have foot or ankle pain and would like a consultation. Make an appointment at Orange County Podiatry with Dr. Andrew Yang or call (949) 651-1202